Support state policies and programs that emphasize the following hazardous waste management options in order of priority: waste reduction, toxicity reduction, and waste elimination; waste separation and concentration; energy/material recovery; waste exchange; and chemical, biological, physical, and thermal treatment.
Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Waste
(Adopted June 1981; amended May 200; amended May 2007)
LWVO supports state policies and programs which emphasize the following hazardous waste management options in order of priority:
- Waste reduction, toxicity reduction, and waste elimination;
- Waste separation and concentration;
- Energy/material recovery;
- Waste exchange;
- Chemical, biological, physical, and thermal treatment.
LWVO supports private-sector ownership and operation of hazardous waste management facilities. Federal, state, and local government should all be involved in monitoring and surveillance.
Decisions on siting of hazardous waste management facilities should be made by the state, with local government representation in the decision-making process. Eminent domain should be exercised by the state as a means of acquiring land for hazardous waste management facilities only after all other methods of acquisition fail. LWVO does not support use of eminent domain by the private sector, which includes public utilities, for hazardous waste siting. (See Land Use for other eminent domain positions.)
Nuclear Waste Storage/Disposal
In Ohio, siting of nuclear waste disposal or storage facilities should not take place in areas:
- where natural resources exist that are passed on to consumers with minimal processing or change; and
- where oil and gas exploration and/or development has occurred. (See also LWVUS Impact on Issues for additional siting criteria.)
Generators should bear primary responsibility and liability for hazardous waste. Transporters and waste facility owners and operators should also handle wastes in a responsible manner and be held liable if negligent. The League supports measures to assure financial responsibility (such as insurance and performance bonds) by all parties involved, from generation to final disposition of wastes. Hazardous waste management is a responsibility to be shared by generators, transporters, waste facility owners, operators, and the public.
Generators should bear the major share of direct costs for hazardous waste management. Adjacent property owners, residents, and users of surface and ground water should not bear the burden of improperly managed hazardous materials.
For hazardous materials transportation, LWVO supports, in order of priority:
- Strict enforcement of container regulation;
- Mandatory reporting to state and local authorities of spills of reportable quantities, including those involving intra-state carriers;
- Strict enforcement of placarding, labeling, and documenting requirements;
- Permits for trucking companies carrying hazardous materials with ability to suspend or revoke such permits;
- Routing requirements for certain selected extremely hazardous materials, including:
- the specification and/or the disapproval of some routes for some shipments;
- requirements for an escort for some shipments; and
- pre-notification for some shipments.
6. State-regulated training for drivers and loaders and
7. Collection, coordination, and analysis of data.
For right-to-know/emergency response, LWVO supports:
- Strong enforcement of laws and regulations; and
- More concentration on prevention of accidents involving hazardous materials.